1. Chapter

                        Movement theory

                              1. Movement degrees

  In this theory the quantity of movement degrees is conventional and changeable as for example there are binary, ternary, decimal etc. numerations.
    According to this they break up into the quantitative and qualitative movement degrees.    
Movement degrees can be broaden according to quantity (atom, molecule, ocean, planets, stars etc.) and quality (atom, cell, bacterium, birds, mammals, man, community etc).

    Principle of complication has a tendency that every movement degree causes (or tries to) the following one.
  If thermodynamics models the quantitative process then Darwinian theory tries to explain so called “life, vitality” evolution, it means that it tries to explain some part of the qualitative movement.

           1.1. Quantitative degrees of movement

   The laws of physics and thermodynamics ground the quantitative degrees of movement and their subsystems.

                   1.2. Qualitative degrees of movement

    Let say there is a very streamlined sequence of qualitative direction, which consists of four movement degrees’ systems:

   The first degree – atoms;       
   The second degree –   organic combination;
   The third degree – man;         
   The fourth degree – community of people.

  Community and its latest aspect (conditionally fourth movement degree) – social relationships construct the four degrees system.  It means that in social relationships there is no human body (conditionally it is the third movement degree), no organic combination (conditionally it is the second movement degree) and no atom (conditionally it is the first movement degree). In parallel the third movement degree doesn’t have the components of first, second etc. degrees.
  Social relationships are the fourth movement degree. They are identical to emotions and feelings (the base of fourth degree), which implement connective function in social relationships.  The bodies of people are not the connective part, they are separate movement degree (as atoms, organic combinations etc.).

                               2. Alternation ways (AW)

   We can analyze movement   according to our chosen length of the time segments. Here the physical instant state of the movement (in the sense of Newtonian mechanics) at the start position will be different than at the final point.
  If Newtonian mechanics describe only a part of Nature movement, then movement degrees with alternation ways, with their segmentations describe all moving Nature in detail and give us a full view.                                                                                                   (4)
   It also has a claim to explain us the following (maybe even unknown) positions.
  Changes in the movement, in separate two points of time, can be described only this way (all changes here happen only in these frames):

   First the old state (condition) collapses and then the  new one appears.
   First the new state is created and then the old one collapses.                                       (7)

   However the intermediate point could be distinguished:

   The old state exists and at the same time the new condition is being created.

   It seems that all this is happening only in this intermediate scheme, everything is changing with time and that’s how it is.

    In summary, there are three essential ways of alternation (direct expressions of changes between two selected points of time):

  First the old state (condition) collapses and then the new one appears. (1AW)                                     (3 pic.  123 and 24  page)

    The old system exists and at the same time new state is being created. (2AW)                                              (2 pic.   122 and 21 page)

   First the new state is created and then the old one collapses. (3AW)                                                                (1pic.    121 and 20 page)

   There can be a lot of relative variations of these three ways.                                        (8)

 Here are some examples of the alternation ways tendencies in usual life conditions:

1. example: 

              t1 amoeba                 >>>                t2 amoeba (its descendants)

   Here in the perfunctory view we can see that the movement was between the second and the third ways of alternation. There are signs, that it collapsed and originated at same time and there are signs that it was created at first and then the old system collapsed.

         The second example:

              t1 bird                        >>>                  t2 bird (its descendants)

   Here is more likely only to the third way of alternation. It seems that: firstly, the new system is being created and then the old one collapses.

 Talking in general, here the old system- bird- first lays an egg, hatches, feeds, teaches it and only then the bird looses its life.

The third example:

            t1 man                        >>>                    t2 man ( their descendants)

   Here we can see quite unconditional third way of alternation. Mother not only gives a birth, but also grows up, gives an education etc. and only then disappears.
  The  tendency here  is that the  more  organism of the  third movement degree is  complicated, the more  it is seen and  the more clear is  the choice of  the  third way of alternation.

   The graphic models of alternation ways are given in these schemes:

The first picture:

  0 – zero position;                   t1 – start of alternation way
 0, 5 – half of state;                 t2 – the end of alternation way  
  1 – overall position;               tx – the end of primary state’s continuity

  Here we should pay a little attention to the alternation ways of the movement degrees systematic interactions.

          The fourth example:

          t1 snow            >>>              t2 water (former snow in warm condition)

    The warmth is the cause of process. Here we see first movement degree’s (snow) interaction with the first movement degree (warmth- air, land etc.). Here is second way of alternation.
  Snow little by little melted and became water.

    The graphic model of this situation:  

   The second picture:

 0 – zero position;                                  t1 – start of alternation way;
0,5 – half of state;                                 t2 – the end of alternation way.  
 1 – overall position;

  The second way of alternation acquires great significance, because it is quantitative motion based on the laws of thermodynamics. In general, exactly this motion   grounds the obligator ness of the thermodynamics laws.                                                                   (9)

     The fifth example:

   t1house (where people, who have to build the house themselves, live)   >>>      t2 -      new house (where the same people, who wanted to built the house themselves, live).

  In this example (based on the third and the first degrees boundaries) alternation is possible in all three ways and their variations:
   First way: people pull down an old house and then build the new one;
  Second way: people are pulling up the old house and at the same time building the new one;
  Third way: first people build the new house and then pull up the old one. 

 This interaction of the movement degrees clearly explains us the meaning of all three ways of alternation.

  The meaning and tendencies of the fifth example: third and first movement degrees interaction can happen in all ways and variations. 

    Single pure degree of the movement separate from others (at least not the initial one) in reality can not exist. It is a part of the system and it can exist only together with the system.                                                                                                                     (10)  
First way of alternation separated from others (on the grounds of Newtonian mechanics theory) can not happen alone. That would contradict to the laws of conservation of energy. It seems that then the energy would disappear without track and then later appear somehow (for example melting snow is using the energy of one movement degree or its part etc.).                                                                                                                 
    Here is the scheme to illustrate the last paragraph:


   The x point in usual, simple conditions would mean impossible situation, because at that moment everything would disappear.
  The third  picture:

  0 – zero position;                                   t1  start of alternation way;
 0, 5 – half of state;                                 t2 – the end of alternation way.  
  1 – overall position;
  Here x point denies the law of conservation of the energy (the energy disappeared somewhere without a track and then somehow appeared again). It can happen when from one state has to be formed new one.

                 3. The application of the theory to practice

  This theory has unlimited opportunity to Man. It could be applied to the most fundamental issues (from the modelling the moments of   the Universe development, to creation of the fundamental theories) as well as to the practical decisions in personal management.  However   it might still seem impossible in the boundaries in which this theory was presented.
  It gives the same possibilities and chances of development as in its time heliocentric   system theory gave us, after thermodynamics theory and now the ways of alternation in movement degrees. 
  This we could proof with showing how the third way of alternation is spread.  Now is a critical point from which the third way of alternation in the fourth movement degree boundaries could be deliberately started to be used. This also could be used to the lower movement degrees projection. And all this would happen with scientific approval (with more purposeful expansion), and not in the casual and natural course (third movement degrees dimension).

  Third way of alternation in qualitative state (from second movement degree* and the following ones) fulfils the functions of continuity, succession, etc. In the simple conceptions it would sound this way – all the Earth’s life evolution is explained by Darwinian Theory of evolution. In summary, all this theory of evolution is based mostly on the function of the third way of alternation.                                                                                              (18)

   * The boundaries could be detailed.


Summary from first chapter (book  "Bendroji Struktūros Evoliucija"/"The General Structure of Evoliution" 2008 ISBN 987-9955-676-75-1)